Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries Section

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IAIA Section: Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

This Section focuses on finding ways and means of increasing and improving the application of EIA to these sectors based on study, research, and input from practitioners.

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South Africa undertakes SEA for aquaculture development

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Discussion started by Bridget John 22 days ago

Geographic Information Systems and stakeholder participation to identify suitable aquaculture areas

The aquaculture sector in South Africa is relatively small and has not been extensively developed. However, the South African Government has identified this sector as a development priority for its potential to create economic, job creation and food security opportunities.

South African aquaculture development faces many challenges ranging from climate change and access to land- and sea space, to the fact that it is a highly regulated sector with permits and authorizations required from a number of different departments at the national, provincial and local level. Streamlining and integration of the current environmental authorization framework can help address these challenges and allow the industry to reach its potential in an environmentally responsible manner.

To this end, the South African Department of Environmental Affairs and the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries have commissioned the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) to conduct a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for aquaculture development.

The overarching goal of the SEA is to facilitate responsible and sustainable aquaculture within geographic areas that have been pre-assessed in terms of potential environmental (biophysical, social, economic) risks and opportunities. The SEA is an 18-month project, which is to be completed by the end of the first quarter 2018.

Identifying strategic areas for aquaculture

A key objective of the SEA process constituted a screening phase (completed in June 2017) which served to identify strategic aquaculture areas for marine- and freshwater aquaculture. The identification and investigation of strategic aquaculture areas aims to

  • facilitate the development of aquaculture in an environmentally responsible manner;
  • assist potential aquaculture developers by acting as a high-level development siting tool;
  • maximize the sustainability of new aquaculture development; and
  • stimulate the industry by reducing regulatory complexity and incentivizing development within the identified strategic aquaculture areas.

The identification of strategic aquaculture areas was an iterative process involving consultation with key stakeholders and a spatial analysis using multi-criteria Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analysis (Fig.1). Stakeholders that were consulted during the process included relevant national and provincial decision-makers and ... read more at 

https://www.2lua.vn/article/south-africa-undertakes-strategic-environmental-assessment-for-aquaculture-development-59a6366de495197e138b456b.html?hl=en

Author Luanita Snyman-van der Walt, Lizande Kellerman, Paul Lochner, publish date Wednesday. August 30th, 2017

 

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